A giant lava dome resurfaces


The volcanoes of the Hawaiian archipelago are particularly active. For example, Pu'u 'Ō'ō volcano has been erupting since 1983 and serves as the longest eruption on the island. Before it, another volcano left a remarkable trail of a lava dome.
In 1969, the Hawaiian volcano Kilauea, located on the volcanic mountain of Mauna Ulu, erupted. It was a rather amazing eruption that occurred since the volcano remained in eruption for five years, from 1969 to 1974. That is a total of 1774 days during which Kilauea spread its bright lava.
In that time, Kilauea's eruption became the longest recorded eruption and produced nearly 351 million cubic meters of lava. An astronomical amount that also created a remarkable event. It is on a sublime picture recently unveiled by the US Geological Survey that we can discover this sublime spectacle.

A lava dome in the middle of the ocean

The eruptions and other lava flows are so impressive that platforms have been installed for the public to admire this impressive show. Because during the first year of the eruption of the volcano, in 1969, a phenomenon occurred.
A giant dome of lava took shape above the volcano. It was 20 meters high. This natural phenomenon was immortalized in a photo by J.B. Judd the same year. 12 lava fountain events occurred during this first year of eruption. The lava was so large that it spilled into the ocean, spreading up to 12 kilometers from the eruption.
This perfect dome of lava lasted three days, from October 10 to 13, 1969, reaching 76 meters high. We can even see lava ripples on the ocean in the foreground of the photo. This lava dome is produced like a geyser thanks to the ascending spray of lava.
J.B. Judd's shot shows a lava dome in the middle of the ocean and reminds us of the destructive power and beauty of the volcanic island of Hawaii.